11 Textile Phrases Towel Consumers Will have to Know.


Shopping for towels may be challenging, especially when you want something that is both elegant and durable. A towel is an investment in something you’ll use again and again, hopefully for a long time. A bath towel is a basic textile item that we need in our daily lives. The general requirements for a bath towel are quite simple – we expect it to feel good on our skin, dry off fast, and serve us for years to come. You can experience your towel’s hand feel, fluffiness, and material quality when you buy it from a department store. The hotel textile industry has its own vocabulary, and non-industry people who are only familiar with retail terminology may find some phrases and expressions strange while purchasing a towel or any other supply.

Here in this article, we have listed a few standard textile terms towel buyers should know that are used in the daily communication of textile manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and buyers. With product knowledge, it is also very important to learn the basic language of the industry.

  1. GSM

The thickness of the terry on your towel is measured in GSM (Grams per Square Meter). If you know the towel’s weight and size specifications, you can figure out how many GSM it has. You can also find the weight of a towel if you know the GSM and the size.

  1. Yarn Count

Yarn count refers to how fine yarn is, and it’s an important topic to grasp for towel buyers. A high yarn count indicates a finer yarn in a top-quality bath towel, whereas a towel with a lower yarn count indicates a coarser yarn. Towels with a high yarn count are thicker and softer than beach towels with a low yarn count.

  1. Single-Ply and Double-Ply Yarn

Yarn count is affected differentially by single and double-ply yarns. When determining yarn count, a single strand of yarn is easy to identify; for example, one strand of yarn is 1S, which stands for 1 single or single-ply in textile manufacturing terms. When two yarn strands are wrapped together, they create a double-ply yarn. Single fibers that have been doubled up to produce double-ply yarn are written as 1D, which refers to two single yarn strands tied together.

  1. Warp and Weft

Warp and weft are textile weaving terminology that is often used interchangeably because they are so closely related. The ground or flat surface of the fabric is made up of the warp and weft. To make the flat material, yarn is woven in two directions. The weft yarn is horizontal, whereas warp yarn is vertical – each yarn strand alternating above then below the other.

  1. Ring-Spun Yarn 

Towels created using ring-spun yarn, which is made from long cotton fibers, are of greater quality. Shorter cotton fibers are separated from longer cotton fibers during further processing and saved for use in other goods. Long fibers may be stretched even further, and when spun together, they become softer and more durable. Because of the additional labor required to process the cotton, ring-spun hotel towels are more expensive than open-end towels.

  1. Spun Polyester 

Spun poly is a high-end yarn spun from polyester filaments in the same way that long-staple cotton yarns are spun. The end result is a stain-resistant, colorful, and soft fiber. Spun Poly textiles and cotton blends with spun polyester are easy to wash and wrinkle-resistant, saving time and money for hospitality and laundry operators.

  1. Zero Twist

Zero-twist towels are long-staple cotton towels also known as low-twist towels. Towel producers choose long-staple yarns because they can be looped through the warp and weft instead of twisting them through like open-end yarns. A fluffy pile is created by looping the yarn into the ground. Longer loops are softer and have more air between them, exposing more of the cotton’s surface and increasing the absorbency of zero-twist hotel bath towels.

  1. Dobby

Dobby is a design name for towel border patterns that are more decorative than the basic cam borders found on institutional towels. A dobby border is an end band that often includes stripes in the same color or a complementary color. With many colors, weaves, stripes, and patterns, dobby borders can be simple or immensely complicated.

  1. Cam 

Cam border styles are plain, unadorned woven bands with modest, minimum weaving that stands out from the rest of the towel. Cam borders are commonly featured on low-cost or institutional towels used in hospitals, nursing homes, and prisons.

  1. Yarn-dyed

Yarn dyeing is the process of dipping giant spools of yarn into dye vats to produce uniformly colored yarns. Many large spools of yarn are placed on an apparatus, which is then lowered into a high-pressure vat, where they will sit in the super-hot dye until all of the spools are the proper same color.

  1. Open End Yarn 

Short cotton fibers are used in open-end yarn, either from naturally shortening cotton or via combing or carding operations that separate long cotton fibers for spun cotton yarns. Open-end cotton yarn is more coarse and weaker than long fiber cotton yarn. The shorter fibers are shed during laundering. Because carding and combing stages are not required in the processing of open-end yarn, it is rarely used for the highest-grade textiles.


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